The following are current resources, across a variety of formats, that address loss of control inflight (LOC-I). While this list intends to be comprehensive and informative, it may not be all-inclusive. The published resources are sorted by date with the most recent items listed first, and will be updated as new resources become available.
If you would like your LOC-I resource to be featured here, please submit this form (Google) with all required fields completed.
In addition to resources developed by NBAA’s Safety Committee, you can find upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) from Safety Committee-reviewed providers on our LOC-I Training Page. Additional UPRT and LOC-I material can be found from the following organizations:
Upset Prevention & Recovery Training Association (UPRTA)
The Upset Prevention & Recovery Training Association is a non-profit organization supporting the role of UPRT services in reducing the threat of Loss of Control In-flight (LOC-I) accidents and improving overall airmanship.
International Aerobatic Club (IAC)
The IAC has an extensive listing for aerobatic flight schools, some of which may also offer Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT).
Airplane Upset Recovery Training Aid Rev 2 (AURTA)
This training aid is intended to be a comprehensive training package that airlines can present to their flight crews in a combination of classroom and simulator programs. It is structured to be a baseline tool to incorporate into existing programs or to customize by the operator to meet its unique requirements. NOTE: Revision 3 will likely be released late 2016.
ICAO Doc 10011 Manual on Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
The focus of the material presented in this manual is to better prepare flight crew members to recognize and avoid situations that are conducive to encountering an in-flight upset; in other words, focusing on ‘prevention’. Notwithstanding, any risk mitigation effort would be incomplete without including recovery training. The guidance on recovery training and techniques provided herein has been influenced by the recommendations of the major original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) of transport category aeroplanes. Overall though, the manual has been carefully developed by an international team of subject-matter-experts (SMEs) and flight instructors from: the major aeroplane manufacturers; Civil Aviation Authorities; commercial air transport operators; FSTD manufacturers; approved training organizations; pilot associations; international aviation industry associations; aviation accident investigation bureaus; and scientific institutions in aerospace.
FAA AC 120-111 Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
This advisory circular (AC) describes the recommended training for airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT). The goal of this AC is to provide recommended practices and guidance for academic and flight simulation training device (FSTD) training for pilots to prevent developing upset conditions and ensure correct recovery responses to upsets. The AC was created from recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations. This AC provides guidance to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 air carriers implementing the regulatory requirements of §§ 121.419, 121.423, 121.424, and 121.427. Although this AC is directed to air carriers to implement part 121 regulations, the FAA encourages all airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to implement UPRT and to use this guidance, as applicable to the type of airplane in which training is conducted. Although a stall is by definition an upset, stall prevention and recovery training is contained in the current edition of AC 120-109, Stall Prevention and Recovery Training.
FAA AC 120-109A Stall Prevention and Recovery Training
This AC provides guidance for training, testing, and checking pilots to ensure correct responses to impending and full stalls. For air carriers, Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 contains the applicable regulatory requirements. Although this AC is directed to part 121 air carriers, the FAA encourages all air carriers, airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to use this guidance for stall prevention training, testing, and checking. This guidance was created for operators of transport category airplanes; however, many of the principles apply to all airplanes. The content was developed based on a review of recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations
Transport Canada – Advisory Circular No. 700-031
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to operators, pilots, flight crews and Transport Canada personnel for the prevention and recovery from stall events. This AC provides best practices and guidance for training, testing, and checking within existing regulations, to ensure correct and consistent responses to unexpected stall warnings and stick pusher activations. This AC emphasizes reducing the angle of attack (AOA) as the most important response to a stall event. This AC also provides guidance for operators and training providers on the development of stall and stick pusher event training.
Certificate Holders Authorized to Conduct the Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certification Training Program (CTP)
The listed certificate holders are authorized to conduct the Airline Transport Pilot (ATP) Certification Training Program (CTP), required by 14 CFR Part 61, § 61.156 for all applicants seeking an ATP certificate in the airplane category with a multiengine class rating.
IATA Guidance and Best Practices for the Implementation of UPRT
This document serves as guidance material for operators to develop an Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT) program as part of their recurrent training. It can also be considered when including UPRT into other programs, such as conversion, upgrading and type rating training. The document specifically focuses on practical guidance for UPRT instructor training. It also includes recommendations for operators cooperating with ATOs providing licensing training for their ab-initio cadets.
Addressing Aeroplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
To maximize the UPRT learning experience, this paper provides guidance on three core issues related to the on-aeroplane training track: on-aeroplane training considerations, airplane/equipment considerations and instructor considerations.
Guidelines for Pilots Seeking All-Attitude Training
This document provides general guidance for those seeking spin, emergency maneuver, upset recovery, loss of control and aerobatic training programs.
NTSB Safety Alert: Prevent Aerodynamic Stalls at Low Altitude
This 3-page bulletin summarizes what pilots can do to mitigate low altitude stalls. It includes a number of additional resources.
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and courseware guidelines to authorized providers, to aid in the development of a training program which meets the requirements of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.156.
These academic publications cover the underlying basic research into causes and mitigating LOC-I.
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Baldi, P. and Itti, L. (2010). Of bits and wows: a bayesian theory of surprise with applications to attention. Neural Networks, 23(5):649–666.
Bartlett, F. C. (1932). Remembering: An experimental and social study. Cambridge: Cambridge University.
Belcastro, C. M. and Foster, J. V. (2010). Aircraft loss-of-control accident analysis. In Proceedings of AIAA Guidance, Navigation and Control Conference, Toronto, Canada, Paper No. AIAA-2010-8004.
Benthem, K. V. and Herdman, C. M. (2013). Individual pilot factors predict simulated runway incursion outcomes. In Tsang, P. and Flach, J., editors, Advances in Aviation Psychology, volume 1, pages 197–214, Ash- gate.
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