Business Aviation Insider

By analyzing travel data, engine maker Cummins fine-tunes its flight operation.

December 1, 2015

Cummins uses three Gulfstreams and one Embraer regional jet to meet its wide-ranging air travel needs.

Chris Raskob has landed on airstrips in Northern Canada where there are few roads. As the Director of Corporate Aviation for Cummins Inc says, “We fly to a lot of places you can’t get to any other way.”

A manufacturer of heavy-duty engines and power-generation equipment, Cummins has customers operating its products in some hard-to-reach locations. It also has factories and offices at nearly a dozen sites across North America. The company’s three Gulfstream G280s enable managers and executives to service customers globally on short notice. Cummins’ Embraer ERJ-135 shuttle connects employees to 11 regular destinations from company headquarters in Columbus, IN.

“Aviation is a service we’ve come to rely on,” said Shelley Stewart, Executive Director of Global Security. “It’s become an integral part of the way we do business. Cummins’ mission is to make sure customers succeed; the aviation department is here to facilitate that mission.”

Without business aviation, Cummins couldn’t run a global manufacturing and distribution business. Its Columbus headquarters – and the entire Southern Indiana region where it has a network of offices and factories – is an hour and a half drive from the nearest commercial airport. No wonder that Cummins’ four aircraft flew a total of 2,400 hours and carried over 10,000 passengers in 2014.

Changing Schedules

The Gulfstreams’ mission is on-demand flying, and “we usually have changes to our schedule hours before a flight,” said Brian Patterson, Chief Pilot on the G280s and Executive Aviation Manager. “The nature of our business is last-minute changes.”

While trips to isolated mines or oilfields are not uncommon, most of the Gulfstreams’ flying is to customers in small towns across the Midwest and South that don’t have airline service.

As a way to control total costs, Cummins will often dispatch the Gulfstreams from its base on Columbus Municipal Airport to a major commercial hub, such as JFK or SFO, to drop off passengers for an overeseas airline flight. When it’s more efficient, the Gulfstreams fly internationally.

On one trip to Northern Canada, Raskob flew a senior leader and a power technician to see a customer.

“They were doing different work on the same trip, both equally valuable to the company,” explained Raskob. “It’s not necessarily about who’s on the airplane, but how they are meeting the business need.”

The lobby of Cummins’ corporate headquarters features one of the company’s diesel engines.

Shuttle Schedule Set in Advance

As flexible as the Gulfstreams are, the shuttle is fully scheduled a year in advance. Any employee in the company can log onto the Cummins intranet and reserve a seat. Reservations are first-come, first-served. On most legs, the 30-seat ERJ-135 is filled with all types of employees.

Cummins began its shuttle operation in the 1970s with a Gulfstream G-I. Until recently, the department flew a Dornier Jet before acquiring the Embraer ERJ-135 from a regional airline in 2014.

Because the shuttle is so fully utilized, we only see when demand drops. So we go to our corporate travel vendor, and they generate reports based on employees’ airline ticket purchases.

Chris Raskob, Director of Corporate Aviation

“The shuttle service started with making the same out-and-back flight everyday,” said Raskob. “But we were getting more than just daytrip travelers. That’s why we evolved into our current [operating] model.”

Some of the sites that the Cummins shuttle visits are so far from airline service, that the only alternative way for people based at those locations to travel to Southern Indiana is to make an 8-hour drive. “So we’re their link to the world,” explained Raskob.

Shelley Stewart, Cummins’ executive director of global security, says that business aviation is an essential service for her company.

Using Data to Optimize Service

It takes a month for the shuttle to visit all 11 destinations, including Cummins’ power-generation business in Minneapolis, MN; administrative offices in Nashville, TN; a factory in San Luis Potosí, Mexico; and auto customers in Detroit, MI.

“We see Jamestown [NY] and Rocky Mount [NC] weekly; other sites we’ll visit only once during the month,” said Raskob. “Another variable is how long we spend at different stops. Whereas some sites need two round trips on one day; others need an overnight.”

Designing that schedule takes a sensitivity to passenger demand.

“Because the shuttle is so fully utilized, we only see when demand drops,” said Raskob. “So we go to our corporate travel vendor, and they generate reports based on employees’ airline ticket purchases.”

The flight department continually uses operating data to tweak the shuttle schedule. “Chris and his team work really closely with the passengers who are traveling and the business units who are receiving them,” said Stewart, “to understand their needs for the next year.”

On some routes, such as Minneapolis to Columbus, the shuttle is competitive with the cost of airline travel.

Shifting Operations to Part 125

Until Cummins acquired the ERJ-135, it had never flown an aircraft with more than 19 seats.

“The department hadn’t operated anything this big before,” said First Officer Michael Monday. “There was a different set of challenges. We had 30 people gathering before a flight, which was hard for some FBOs to accommodate.”

Putting the ERJ-135 into service required an FAR Part 125 certificate, which also meant carrying flight attendants, something Cummins had never done before.

Lee Blake, Chief Pi lot and Manager – Corporate Shuttle, has long been a member of NBAA’s Corporate Shuttle Working Group, and he went to the group for advice on integrating flight attendants into his operation.

“We realized that to staff the shuttle effectively, we needed two-and-a-half full-time flight attendants,” said Blake. Cummins decided to hire contract flight attendants through a staffing service. “They’re dedicated to our operation and trained to our standards.”

While Cummins waited for its Part 125 certificate, the flight attendants began flying onboard the Dornier jet to learn Cummins’ culture. This also helped passengers get accustomed to cabin service, safety briefings and having crew available to answer questions.

Learn more about this NBAA member at

Connected to the World, Roots in the Community

In its hub-and-spoke model, all Cummins’ shuttle flights are routed through Columbus, because “most of our passengers want to do their job and get home,” explained Captain Jason Mowrey. “Our people value face-to-face interactions with customers, partners and suppliers, but they’re tied to this community.”

Cummins was founded in Columbus nearly 100 years ago and is so intertwined with the community that residents sometimes greet visitors with, “Welcome to Cummins, IN.”

Thanks to an 80-year partnership with Cummins (its largest employer), Columbus is an architectural mecca. Thousands of students and tourists visit this small town every year to explore famous buildings designed by I.M. Pei, Eero Saarinen, Richard Meier and other modernist masters.

Through the Cummins Architectural Program, the Fortune 500 company has sponsored more than 50 public buildings in Columbus, from hospitals and schools to the post office and city hall.

“There’s a long history of collaboration between Cummins and the community of Columbus,” said Chris Raskob, who also noted the company’s support for the local United Way and employee volunteer activities. “That goes back to our founding and continues today.”

Snapshot: CUMMINS

Headquartered on Columbus Municipal Airport (BAK) in Columbus, IN

Three Gulfstream G280s and one Embraer ERJ-135

15 pilots (including a department manager who flies), five maintenance technicians, two schedulers and three contract flight attendants